Wednesday, May 15, 2019

Charles Baker Hydroelectric Museum wine train

This year the Northwest Railway Museum is offering two opportunities to experience a Snoqualmie Wine Train at the Snoqualmie Falls Hydroelectric Museum.  The next 3 1/2 hour experience is Saturday, May 18 beginning at 2:30 PM.

PSE Museum What's so special?  The Charles Baker Snoqualmie Wine Train features a tasting in the former carpenter shop and the Snoqualmie Falls depot. The Snoqualmie Falls Hydroelectric Museum celebrates the world's first underground hydroelectric generating station.  It was designed by Charles Baker and was completed in 1898.  Baker was the civil engineer for the Seattle, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway and recognized the potential of the falls while surveying for the railway construction.  After the railway was completed, he formed a company to build the power station, and its first customers were Seattle street railways.  Later, power from Snoqualmie Falls helped energize the Puget Sound Electric Railway and interurban car 523.

lots of friends at the depot editedAll Snoqualmie Wine Trains feature a scenic train ride through the Snoqualmie Valley along the Seattle, Lake Shore & Eastern Railway, built in 1889. Passengers ride in historic coaches, gain unique access to Museum collections and exhibits, and learn how the railroad changed everything. Wine trains include multiple tasting stops with local wine, food and music. Take home your favorite bottle(s) of wine. Each wine is available for purchase in the Snoqualmie Depot Bookstore after your excursion.

Tickets are $49 and available daily 10 AM - 5 PM in the Depot Bookstore at 38625 SE King Street in Snoqualmie or on the web through the Museum's online ticketing system.

Friday, May 10, 2019

East meets west, May 10, 1869

On May 10, 1869 a ceremonial golden spike was driven at Promontory, Utah signifying the completion of the first North American transcontinental railroad.  The Central Pacific building from Sacramento in the west met the Union Pacific building from Omaha in the east and connected the eastern railroad network with the Pacific coast for the first time in history. 150 years ago today, the east met the west and forever changed the landscape of the continent.  

In the colder latitudes, it would be another 14 years before a northern transcontinental was completed.  The Northern Pacific connected Minnesota with the Pacific coast, initially via the Columbia River, but a few years after completion, via Stampede Pass and Tacoma.  The Northern Pacific Railroad drove their last spike near Independence Creek in western Montana on August 22, 1883, and hosted a formal "golden spike" event on September 8, 1883.  At this ceremony, instead of a gold or silver spike, the very first spike driven in 1870 in the construction of the Northern Pacific was redriven by three men:  railroad President Henry Villard, former President of the United States Ulysses S Grant, and Henry C. Davis, who helped drive that spike the first time, 13 years earlier.

Like the Union Pacific and Central Pacific, the Northern Pacific had a brief but tight stranglehold on commerce in the Northwest because they had a monopoly.  Yet, just ten years later, both the Canadian Pacific Railway (to Vancouver) and the Great Northern Railway (to Everett & Seattle) had also completed transcontinentals to the Northwest.  Soon, the cost of freight and travel declined and the level of service improved.

Fast forward 150 years.  Transportation in the 21st Century is very different than the 19th Century.  Competition is generally between different modes of transportation, and the relative cost of transportation is at its lowest point in history.  Despite all the change, the original Union Pacific Railroad remains in business today, though trains no longer operate through Promentory.  Congratulations to the Union Pacific Railroad in celebration of the 150th anniversary of the driving of the golden spike!

Sunday, May 5, 2019

Give Big for Puget Sound Electric Railway car 523

PSER 523 is depicted in this J. Craig Thorpe oil painting as it departs Auburn for Kent.Era-appropriate trucks have been located and purchased for the 523.  Now they need to be restored to their former glory!  When you support Give Big now through May 8, you will be helping put the 523 back on wheels this year, and for the first time since 1928.

Annual charitable giving event May 8, 2019Give Big is the annual charitable giving program in our local region, and May 8 is this year's day of giving.  The Northwest Railway Museum is developing the Puget Sound Electric Railway ("PSER") car 523 project, and this year is undertaking the restoration of the trucks (wheels) purchased for the project.  Work is expected to cost $15,000, and will be matched with 33 cents from every dollar with a grant from the Washington State Historical Society.

523 operated on the PSER from 1908 through 1928PSER 523 is a wooden electric interurban car built in 1907 for service between Seattle and Tacoma.  The 523 has survived for more than a century and today is a King County and City of Snoqualmie Landmark.  It is owned by the Northwest Railway Museum and will be restored to operate on the Snoqualmie Valley Railroad, powered with modern batteries.


The Museum located a set of era-appropriate trucks in a field in California
PSER 523 has some very significant local connections.  The Snoqualmie Falls Hydroelectric plant was completed in 1898 and its first customers were Seattle street railways.  When the PSER began operation in 1902, it was also powered with electricity from Snoqualmie Falls. The 523 entered service in February 1908 and operated between Seattle and Tacoma until 1928.  Later, it was adaptively-reused as a rail office in Tacoma, and then as a home in Federal Way.  In this "second life" the car's trucks and wheels were removed.

Axles and wheels for the 523 will be matched with the trucks during final assembly.The 523 was donated and moved to the Museum in 2017.  Since then, the Museum has purchased a set of era-appropriate trucks - check out the accompanying photos of the components in a California field! The Museum has already started the process of restoration to allow their use; work is being performed by street car expert Paul Class in his shop  north of San Francisco.  


A partial image of Chicago Elevated truck drawings
The Baldwin-built (the same company that built locomotives) trucks are about 10 years newer than the 523, but they are the best fit. And thanks to Bill Wulfert and friends at the Illinois Railway Museum, a detailed set of drawings is guiding the work.  It is amazing to be able to match a century-old interurban car with century-old trucks!

Please schedule a Give Big donation today!   The Museum is a public charity; contributions are tax deductible to the extent permitted by law.  Your support in any amount will help keep this project "rolling!"


Friday, May 3, 2019

Train Shed Features New Exhibit

Panels with car 523.
This spring, the Train Shed Exhibit Building features several new exhibits, including Connecting Communities: Story of the Puget Sound Electric Railway. Using the recent acquisition of Puget Sound Electric Railway (PSER) car 523 as a spring-board, the Museum applied for and received a 4Culture Heritage Special Projects grant to fund the exhibit.

PSER was an interurban railway that ran between downtown Seattle and Tacoma and connected many points in between, both large and small. PSER operated from 1902-1928, and was an important factor in settlement along its route. With consistent and timely rail travel available, residents could move out of cities and into more rural areas while still remaining connected to urban centers.

Double-sided panels in Train
Shed Exhibit Building.
Connecting Communities consists of 4 double-sided panels, seven focusing on the story of PSER and one focusing on the history of car 523. The exhibit also includes a large (72"w x 34"h) high-pressure laminate panel that features reproduction of a graphic route map from a PSER public time table. Finally, there is a children's panel (the 1st of its kind at NRM!) that describes the different kinds of transportation children could have used to get around in 1902. That panel features a challenge to children with photos to lift and learn.

Children's panel is at a lower height.
A 2018 4Culture Heritage Special Projects grant funded this exhibit. 4Culture is the cultural funding agency for King County, Washington. Using Lodging Tax and 1% for Art funds, 4Culture has four program areas to serve the county: arts, heritage, historic preservation, and public art. For more info on 4Culture, visit their website at www.4Culture.org


A big thank you to 4Culture for continuing to support exhibits at the Northwest Railway Museum!

Also installed in the Train Shed over the winter, a photography exhibit Faces of Railroading that features images of railroad workers taken by Jack Delano during his time working for the Farm Security Administration in 1942-43.

Saturday, April 27, 2019

April wine train

Guests enjoy local wines aboard coach 218.When a museum guest asks if they can check out the Cab, we usually assume they are referring to a locomotive.  However, during Snoqualmie Wine Train events they are almost always talking about a Washington Cabernet from one of the fine Snoqualmie - area wineries including Sigillo Cellars, Mt Si Winery, Pearl and Stone Winery, Convergence Zone Cellars, and William Grassie Wine Estates.  

Mt Si Winery serves wine in the Snoqualmie Depot freight room.The Northwest Railway Museum kicked off the 2019 Snoqualmie Wine Train season on April 27.  140 guests enjoyed wine, Train Shed exhibits, live music from Tinkham Road, a train excursion through the woods, and even access to the Conservation and Restoration Center where they viewed ongoing work on Northern Pacific Railway locomotive 924 and Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway coach 213.

Lyle shows a wine train guest how the radial arm drill press works.A new feature during month's event was the opportunity to view demonstrations in the Conservation and Restoration Center.  Volunteers and Staff including Lyle, Gerry, Gary, Bob, and Wayne explained what the machines were used for and then demonstrated how they worked.  Lyle gave a demonstration of the huge lathe once the centerpiece of Puget Sound Energy's Snoqualmie Falls power station machine shop.  

Wayne and Pete prepare to board passengers on coach 218 in Snoqualmie for the April 27 wine train.The Snoqualmie Wine Train is the Museum's newest event series; it was first introduced in 2018.  The event features a train excursion, live music, wine tasting, and a museum visit.  Museum Staff and Volunteers including Elizabeth, Cristy, Jessie, and Kacy planned this year's events.  A total of five are offered in 2019; events through June are available for advance purchase now.   

The band TInkham Road performs in the Train Shed during the Snoqualmie Wine Train.The next Snoqualmie Wine Train will be May 18 and will feature a tasting experience at the Snoqualmie Falls Hydro Electric Museum.  Tickets are available on the Museum's ticketing web site.  Proceeds from Snoqualmie Wine Train events support programs of the Northwest Railway Museum.  Join us for a great afternoon, and the opportunity to support heritage and historic preservation!




Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Pressure builds on the 924 project!

If "bake a cake" is old railroad slang for building up steam in a locomotive, then you could say that the restoration crew at the Northwest Railway Museum has been mixing a lot of batter lately.  With major boiler issues either already addressed or with a plan to mitigate, preparations for the first pressure test of the boiler are nearing completion.

The boiler was filled with water to the top of the dome to check for leaks.Over the past several weeks, the dry pipe has been "lapped" with the throttle body and the branch pipe manifold, the throttle valve has been lapped, and the components reassembled inside the boiler.  (Lapping is the process of grinding and polishing the mating surfaces to allow them to fit together without leaking.)  Then the boiler was filled with water to check for leaks.  Some minor leaking was detected around several new rivets and some of the new stay bolts, but nothing serious.

Gary James used his borescope to check for leaks inside the dry pipe.Gary James is a shipwright who usually leads the work on coaches and other wood projects, but he has a very diverse skill set, and some great tools, too.  His borescope displays an image on his phone and was inserted into the dry pipe to check for any leaks.  He found the assembly leak-free, at least under atmospheric pressure.

The copper gasket for the steam dome was heated and quenched to soften it in preparation for bolting on the lid.Meanwhile, the copper gasket for the steam dome was annealed by heating it with a torch and quenching it in cold water.  This makes the copper soft and prepares it to take shape as the dome lid is tightened down.  This thin ring of copper provides the steam seal.

The steam dome lid was gently placed on the copper gasket and bolted down.Lastly, the dome lid was replaced and tightened down.  Machinist Gerry Petitjean did the honors and verified the lid was pulled evenly against the gasket.  The water was filled all the way to the top and the last of the air was exhausted so the entire vessel could be inspected for leaks.  

What is next?  In the coming weeks water in the boiler will be heated to around 30 degrees C.  Then a small hand pump will be used to raise the pressure in the boiler to approximately 200 psi.  This process will identify any remaining leaks, or other issues that need to be addressed.  When all the remaining leaks are repaired, the hydro-static test will be repeated for the Federal inspector.

16 bolts hold the steam dome lid on locomotive 924.The Museum is grateful for 4Culture, Washington Heritage Capital Fund, Schwab Fund, Osberg Family Trust, Emery Rail Heritage Trust, Northern Pacific Railway Historical Association, and more than 100 individuals for their support in funding the restoration of the 924.

Want to see and learn more?  Join us for the Snoqualmie Wine Train on Saturday, April 27 beginning at 2:30 PM in the Snoqualmie Depot.  Your Wine Train experience will include a visit to the Conservation and Restoration Center to see locomotive 924.

Monday, April 22, 2019

Wine trains return

Guest enjoy wine as they travel from one tasting stop to another aboard the Museum's train.The Northwest Railway Museum debuted the Snoqualmie Valley Wine Train in 2018, and it was enthusiastically received by the community.  This year the event has been enhanced by offering two options: the Railway History Center CRC option and the Charles Baker Hydro Museum experience.  The first opportunity to ride this year is April 27 beginning at 2:30 PM!

Wine Train guests explore the Railway History Center as they sample local wines.All Wine Train experiences feature Snoqualmie Valley wineries, food, music, and views! Visitors (21 and older only) receive a complementary souvenir wine glass with each ticket.

The Snoqualmie Wine Train series is hosted in partnership with several, rotating local wineries, food producers, and chocolatiers with fresh, locally produced products from Sigillo Cellars, Mt Si Winery, Pearl and Stone Winery, Convergence Zone Cellars, William Grassie Wine Estates, Carnation Farms, Heirloom Cookshop, Black Dog Cafe, and Boehm's Chocolates.

The Railway History Center option is a 3.5 hour program that includes wine tasting stops at the Snoqualmie Depot and the Train Shed Exhibit Building. Railway History Center Wine Train includes behind-the-scenes access to our Conservation and Restoration Center where you will learn about the restoration of Northern Pacific Railway steam locomotive 924 (built 1889) from staff and volunteers working on this and other projects. Must be 21 or older. Ticket includes return passage to Snoqualmie.

Guests on the Charles Baker Hydro Museum experience enjoy a stop at the Snoqualmie Falls Depot.The Charles Baker Hydro Museum option is a 3.5 hour program that includes wine tasting stops at the Snoqualmie Depot, the Train Shed Exhibit Building, and the Snoqualmie Falls Hydro Museum – home of the world’s first underground hydroelectric power plant that was built in 1898. Visit the historic carpenter’s shop and Snoqualmie Falls Depot, and learn about Charles Baker’s vision inspired by the power of Snoqualmie Falls!
View from the Museum's train high above the Snoqualmie River.

All Snoqualmie Wine Train experiences at for 21 and over only.  Tickets are $49 and are available in advance on the Museum's ticketing web site.

Wednesday, March 20, 2019

Day Out With Thomas 2019


The Steam Team Tour stops at the Northwest Railway Museum!Toot, toot, toot!   The Northwest Railway Museum is pleased to welcome Thomas the Tank Engine back to Snoqualmie, Washington this summer.  Day Out With Thomas will steam into the Snoqualmie Valley July 12 - 14 and July 19 - 21, 2019.


Thomas the Tank Engine makes a stop near Snoqualmie Falls.Thomas the Tank Engine is a popular children's storybook character that first appeared in print in 1945.  Today, he has a world-wide following, and we are so happy to welcome him back to the Snoqualmie Depot for his 17th annual visit. 

Day Out With Thomas is a fun-filled family event that includes not just a ride with Thomas the Tank Engine, but live music, train tables, story time, Thomas and Friends videos, a Thomas bouncy castle, motor car rides, and more.  Your ticket includes everything except food and merchandise.

Thomas the Tank Engine makes a stop at the Snoqualmie Falls Depot.This year there are two sensory-friendly trains offered for families with special needs.  One train will be on Friday, July 19 and the other on Sunday, July 21.  If this is an option that will best-serve your family, please email the Museum at info@TrainMuseum.org to request ticketing.

Tickets for this popular event are available through TicketWeb, but may also be purchased in the Depot Bookstore in the Snoqualmie Depot, daily between 10 AM and 5 PM.

Friday, March 8, 2019

Coaching an old coach

The end platforms on coach 213 were recently rebuilt with new windows, doors, and cladding.
Coach 213 platform "B"
The Northwest Railway Museum has operated an interpretive railway since 1967.  Since then, millions of people have ridden the train, and coaches have traveled thousands of miles.  One of the longest-serving cars is coach 213, a former Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway coach built by Barney and Smith in 1912.  It is a sister to coach 218 - which was extensively rehabilitated and restored earlier this decade - and is built predominantly of wood. These two cars represent typical intercity passenger coaches used throughout Washington in the period prior to WW II.

Now it is coach 213's turn: it is being completely rehabilitated, but unlike the 218 this work is being performed in phases so the car may remain in service during peak periods.  With support from King County 4Culture's Heritage Capital program, major work has already been performed.

Clerestory windows renewed with replacement zinc came and original colored glass.  Broken or missing glass was replaced inkind.
A renewed clerestory window
Over the last two years, all the 213's clerestory windows have been removed for rehabilitation.  The zinc came that retains the individual pieces of glass has been renewed, and any broken or missing colored glass has been replaced. The mahogany frames have been stripped of old finishes, repaired as necessary, and refinished with varnish on the interior and an epoxy primer on the exterior.  These windows will be installed as soon as a new canvas roof is applied.

New zinc came and colored glass panels in upper sashes.
Upper window sashes after re-installation
Meanwhile, the upper "elliptical"  sashes have been removed, rehabilitated and reinstalled.  These window sashes required a little more work that the clerestory windows because all but one were missing their colored glass panels.  The Museum's incredible team of volunteers and staff restored the original zinc came and produced the missing glass.  The effect is stunning, particularly when the sun passes directly through the milky green glass.

New platform traps were installed in coach 213
New platform trap
The platforms on the end of a wood coach are particularly susceptible to deterioration.  Mechanical wear and exposure to the elements are the chief factors, and improving the weather-resistance of the structure is key to its preservation.  The platforms were taken apart, deteriorated steel components were replaced, and missing or deteriorated wood was replaced.  Platform traps were patterned, manufactured, and installed.  Meanwhile, the hand brake stand was rebuilt and a new brake handle installed. 

New platform doors and windows have been installed on coach 213.
New door and windows
The platforms have many components and are one of the more complicated areas of the car to work on.  Included in the scope work was replacement of four windows with elliptical tops, four platform doors also with elliptical tops, and even the platform ceilings where new LED platform lamps have now been installed. For now, this work will mostly appear in gray primer, but as the work advances everything will be colored SP&S coach green to match coach 218.

Car body siding has been addressed too.  Extensive reworking of the cladding is sealing it from the weather and preparing it for the final color coats. And the next step will be rehabilitating the roof deck and re-applying a canvas roof.  Exciting days are ahead for coach 213!
The exterior cladding on coach 213 has been reworked to make it more weather resistant.
213 with reworked cladding appearing in gray primer

Monday, March 4, 2019

Looking to the Future

Site layout for the Railway History Center
Railway History Center Master Site Plan schematic
The Northwest Railway Museum has been developing the Railway History Center in Snoqualmie for more than ten years.  Today, it consists of three buildings - CRC, Train Shed, and REC - but the Master Site Plan includes a fourth structure that is intended to provide expanded exhibits and public programming.  The Roundhouse structure has been envisioned as a modern building with design motifs peculiar to railroad locomotive roundhouses of the 19th and early 20th Centuries.

Stone roundhouse on the Northern Pacific Railway at Lester circa 1910
NPR roundhouse at Lester, circa 1910



After an investment of more than $10 million, the Railway History Center is already a facility that provides for collection care, exhibits, excellent programming, a research library, administration, and even a classroom.  The next step is a space to expand the depth and breadth of interpretation, which will help fulfill the Mission and expand the audience. 

At the annual Northwest Railway Museum Volunteer Banquet held on March 2, 2019 the Museum announced to its volunteers that the fourth building concept is going to be studied.  The Master Site Plan approval includes environmental clearance and has a finite life.  In the next few years, the Museum has to decide if it will be built, and if so what it will include. Features, design elements, or considerations being studied and already provided for in the current city approvals include provisions to,
  • Prominently feature operating models to illustrate interpretive themes and provide context for featured exhibits
  • Provide permanent homes in fully conditioned space for King County and City of Snoqualmie Landmarks including Puget Sound Electric Railway 523, Northern Pacific Railway rotary snow plow 10, Chapel car 5 Messenger of Peace, and Northern Pacific Railway steam locomotive 924
  • Provide for off peak train operations, possibly featuring Puget Sound Electric Railway car 523
  • Include adaptive space that may be used for large groups including banquets
  • Provide additional support facilities for programs and events including laundry, kitchen and locker rooms
  • Allow for additional visitor and volunteer parking
The Museum is merely in the study phase right now, but the possibilities this final phase of the Railway History Center presents makes this a truly exciting time for railway history in Western Washington.  The parameters of the study were still being formed at the time of this writing, but consultant will be hired this spring.  The Museum hopes to announce the results of the planning exercise later this year.

Tuesday, February 12, 2019

February continues to scream!

Northern Pacific Railway Rotary 10
More snow.  Incredibly, it has continued to snow in Snoqualmie and North Bend.  It is difficult to accurately measure accumulations because of the high winds, so let's stipulate, "a whole bunch of snow."  And this was not just any snow, it was Cascade Concrete, a really wet snow that is incredibly slippery and has very high density.  


Snoqualmie Depot
Cascade Concrete was the frozen slurry that descended on Wellington in the infamous avalanche of 1910, and made it particularly difficult to extricate survivors. It is snow that has a particularly high water ratio.  Today's snow had a 3:1 ratio.  So three inches of snow would equal one inch of rain.  Snow in other parts of the country might normally have a water ratio of 10:1.  So ten inches of snow would equal one inch of rain.  Notwithstanding, check out today's snowy views of the Northwest Railway Museum in Snoqualmie, Washington.  And, as always, click on the image to see it in high resolution.

Bridge 35 in North Bend

Railway Education Center

Train Shed foyer

Cars and locomotives outside the CRC

Rear side of Train Shed

East end of Train Shed foyer

Monday, February 11, 2019

January roared but February screams!

Railway Education Center
Western Washington and the Northwest Railway Museum are experiencing a severe bout of winter weather.  Schools are closed, as are many businesses, several Amtrak trains have been canceled, and even the State Legislature has shut down.  Already, February has seen more snow in the Puget Sound lowlands than any time since records have been kept, and the Museum has been in the thick of it.  
Locomotive 4024

Nearly two feet of snow has fallen at the Museum in the space of just eight days.  While some has melted, most has not. And the winds have been howling: drifting snow is almost four feet deep in places.  The Museum is in a region where snow plows and sanding trucks are rare; this is a weather event experienced only once every 25 years or so.  Check out a few of today's seemingly unworldly photos, all from an elevation that rarely sees snow for more than a day or two. (Click on the photos to see full resolution!)


Locomotive 7

Cars and locomotives outside the CRC

Pettibone

West end of Train Shed

Coach 213

Snoqualmie Depot

Army ambulance kitchen car